Tuesday, June 14, 2011

Cucumber (Ketimun)

(Cucumis sativus L.) 



I. PLANT DESCRIPTION Cucumbers are grown everywhere, both in the field, backyard or in a greenhouse. These plants are not resistant to continuous rain.Growth requires high humidity, fertile soil is loose and gets full sun with good drainage. Cucumbers should be wrapped around the stem to the para-para and grow both from the lowlands to 1300 m asl. This plant is thought to have come from the mountains of the Himalayas in northern India. Seasonal crops, creeping or climbing, rough-haired, trunked wet, length 0.5 to 2.5 m. This plant has tendrils spiral-shaped branches that come out on the side of the leaf stalk.Single leaf, where the turns, long-stemmed, wide oval shape, with heart-shaped base, pointed tip, serrated edge. 7-18 cm long, 7-15 cm wide, it's green. The flowers have a yellowish-white male, and female flowers are shaped like a trumpet. Long round fruit, grow depends, it's green and white waxy, after dark dirty yellow color, length 10-30 cm, the base is not smooth, many containing liquids. Seeds many, oblong shape meruncingi flat, dirty white color. Leaves and young stems can be eaten as raw or steamed lalab. The fruit can be eaten raw, boiled, steamed .. Can also be pickled or eaten with salad. Many types of cucumbers in the market, such as regular cucumbers, cucumbers Krai, wuku cucumber, cucumber and cucumber poan Watang. Propagation by seed. II.GROWING CONDITIONS a. Climate • Elevation: 1 m - 1,000 m above sea level • Annual rainfall: 800 mm - 1,000 mm / year • In wet (above 100 mm / month): 5 months - 7 months • In dry (below 60 mm / month): 4 months - 6 months • Air Temperature: 170 C - 230 C • Humidity: Medium • Radiation: medium - high b. • Soil Texture: clay • Drainage: good • Groundwater Depth: 50 cm - 200 cm from ground level • rooting depth: above 15 cm from ground level • Acidity (pH): 5.5 to 6.8 • Fertility: high 2. A. Planting Guidelines Soil Processing • ground-breaking ground as deep as 30 cm and then flattened out, made beds size 120 cm x (300-500) cm. • In the nursery beds are made and given manure pit 1 kg - 2 kg / hole.b. Preparation of Seed • cucumber plants can be propagated by seed. c. • Planting seeds planted directly into the planting hole. Each hole was given 2 eggs - 3 eggs. • Plant spacing 50 cm x 100 cm • Provide a pillar for cucumber vines.

Local Name:
Bonteng, katimun, cucumber, temon, antemon, boyuk (Java); Dimu, Timu, kadingir, kariri, karere, daka, koto (Sumatra); Kimuni, ancimun, cimen, ansimun, melike, laiseu (Sumatra); Betiak, betik , cucumber (Borneo), Suai, Bojo (Sulawesi);

NATURE OF CHEMICAL AND pharmacological effects: Fruit: freshener body, conditioning, facilitating urination, smooths and relaxes the skin. Leaves: Incentives vomiting. CHEMICAL CONTENT: Seeds: Oil fat, carotene. Leaves: Kukurbitasin C, stigmasterol. Fruits also contain a small amount of saponin, digestive enzymes, glutathione, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins B and C

Curable Disease:
Hypertension, skin itching, Poisoning;

Fruit, leaves, seeds.

- High blood pressure.
- Sprue.
- Fever.
- Acne.
- Clean the face oily. 
- Cleaning the kidney.

- Worms.

To drink: taste grated or eaten raw. 
External use: The fruit taste is washed and shredded. Used to compress the fever, affixed to the wounds, burns, stains on the skin spots, acne, oily facial skin clean and reduce the itchy skin. 

1. High blood pressure
    2 pieces of fresh cucumbers washed and shredded. Results grated
    squeezed and filtered, then drink as well do it 2-3 times a day. 

2. Thrush:
    Every day eat as many as 9 pieces of cucumber fruit. Perform

4. Cleaning the kidney:
    Freshly washed and shredded cucumber. Results grated and squeezed
    filtered. Water is taken little by little until gastric 
    accustomed to receiving fluid cucumber. 

5. Fever: 
    Cucumber sufficiently washed, and shredded. Results grated
    placed on the abdomen. 

6. Acne: Fruit cucumbers washed and sliced. 
    cucumber taped and rubbed against the skin 
    acne. Do it every day. 

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