Monday, May 30, 2011

Centella asiatica ( Pegagan )

Centella asiatica ( Pegagan )
(Centella asiatica (Linn), Urb.)
Synonyms:
 Hydrocotyle asiatica, Linn. = Pasequinus, Rumph.
Familia:
Umbelliferae 


Description:
Wild herb, found throughout Indonesia, originating from tropical Asia. Prefers a slightly moist soil and getting enough sun or shade, such as in pastures, riverbanks, rice fields, and so forth. Sometimes planted as ground cover plants in plantations or as a vegetable (as lalab), there are up to a height of 2,500 m above sea level. Centella asiatica is a chronic herb without stems, but with short rhizome and stolon-creeping stolon length 10 cm - 80 cm, roots out of every hump, much branched to form a new plant. Single leaf blade, long-stemmed around 5 cm - 15 cm-shaped kidney. Jagged edges, with a cross section 1 cm - 7 cm arranged in a rosette consisting of 20-10 pieces of leaf, sometimes a bit hairy. Flowers white or pink, arranged in the form of an umbrella arrangement, single or 3-5 together out of the armpit leaves. Flower stalk 5 mm - 50 mm. Fruit small oval shapes depend / flat length from 2 to 2.5 mm, smells fragrant and tastes bitter.

Local Name:
Leaves Legs Horse (Indonesia), Pegaga (Ujung Pandang); Antanan Gede, Antanan vines (Sunda), Dau Tungke (Bugis), Centella asiatica, Gagan, Gagan, Rendeng, scrape shell (Java); Kos Tekosan (Madura), Kori- kori (Halmahera);
Composition:
NATURE OF CHEMICAL AND pharmacological effects: Taste sweet, cool. Anti-infection, antitoxic, fever, laxative urine. CHEMICAL CONTENT: Asiaticoside, thankuniside, isothankuniside, madecassoside, brahmoside, brahminoside, brahmic acid, madasiatic acid, meso-inositol, centellose, carotenoids, mineral salts such as salts of potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, iron, vellarine, tannic substances. Compound triterpenoida glycoside called asiaticoside and similar compounds, having efficacy of anti leprosy (Morbus Hansen),
Curable Disease:
Hepatitis, Measles, Fever, tonsillitis (Tonsilis), sore throat, bronchitis, urinary tract infections and stones, red eyes, Hemorrhoids; poisoning, vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleeds, worms, leprosy;
Utilization:
PART USED: Whole plant.

USE:
1. Infectious hepatitis, measles (measles).
2. Fever, inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis), sore throat, bronchitis.
3. Infections and urinary system stones.
4. Gelsemium elegans Poisoning, arsenic.
5. Vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleed.
6. Red eyes, hemorrhoids.
7. Abdominal pain, intestinal worms, increase appetite.
8. Leprosy.

USAGE: 15 - 30 grams of Centella asiatica fresh, boiled, drinking. Or crushed, squeezed, drinking water.

EXTERNAL USE: crushed, taped to the affected part. Used for: bite, snakes, ulcers, bleeding wounds, tuberculosis skin.

HOW TO USE:
1. Piss turbid (due to infection / stones urinary system):
    30 grams of Centella asiatica fresh boiled with rice washing water from the second rinsing.

2. Difficult urination: 30 grams of Centella asiatica fresh crushed, paste in the navel.

3. Fever:
    Handful of fresh pounded leaves of Centella asiatica, then add a little water and salt, strain. Taken in the morning before eating.

4. High blood pressure:
    20 sheets Indian pennywort leaves plus 3 cups water, boiled until
    become 3/4-nya. A day drink 3 x 3 / 4 cup.

5. Hemorrhoids:
    Centella asiatica stem 4-5 following their roots with 2 cups boiling water
    for ± 5 minutes. Drinking this decoction for several days.

6. Swelling of the liver (liver):
    240 grams - 600 grams of boiled fresh gotu kola, drink regularly.

7. Measles: 60 -120 grams of Centella asiatica boiled, drinking

8. Boils:
    30 grams - 60 grams of Centella asiatica fresh boiled, drunk. Centella asiatica fresh
    washed, crushed affixed to the sick.

9. Red eyes, swollen:
    Centella asiatica fresh washed, crushed, squeezed, filtered water.
    Drop into the eyes of a sick 3-4 times a day.

10. Coughing blood, vomiting blood, nosebleeds:
     60-90 grams of Centella asiatica fresh boiled, or squeezed, water is taken.

11. Dry cough:
     a handful of crushed fresh Centella asiatica, wring it out. Plus water
     and rock sugar to taste. Drink.

12. Leprosy:
     3 / 4 handheld Pegagan washed and boiled in 3 cups of water,
     to be three quarters of his. Strain and drink after a cold, a day 3 x 3 / 4 cup.

13. Appetite enhancer:
     1 handful of fresh leaves of Centella asiatica with 2 cups boiling water until
     to 1 cup. Drink 1 cup a day.

14. Centella asiatica fresh leaf tea efficacious:
     Generation of appetite, refreshing body, calming,
     reduce heat, dry cough, removing worms in the stomach,
     nosebleed.

15. Lalaban Centella asiatica fresh nutritious:
     Cleaning the blood, especially in ulcers, bleeding ulcers.
     Increase the bile, which improves the disturbance
     digestion.

2 comments:

  1. Pegagan memang multi fungsi terhadap beberapa penyakit

    ReplyDelete