Cocks comb (Jengger Ayam)
(Celosia cristata L.) Synonym:
C. argentea L. var cristata (L.) O. Ktze.
Generally, comb chickens in the yard and planted in parks, are rarely found growing wild. This plant can be found from the lowlands to an altitude of 1000 m above sea level. Herbaceous plant grows upright this season, high 60-90 cm, thick-trunked and strong, branching, grooved. Single leaves, stemmed, alternate location. Leaf blade until the elongated oval shape with a length of 5-12 cm, a width of 3.5 to 6, 5 cm, tip pointed, base tapering, flat edge, pertulangan pinnate, green color with little red lines in the middle of the leaf. Compound interest-shaped ears, thick, fleshy, the upper widened like a rooster's comb, multiple and branched out at the end of the rod or in the armpit leaves, purple, red, dice, or yellow. Fruit box, oval, greenish red, cracked during cooking, there are two or more small seeds, black.
Propagation by seed.
Sumatra LOCAL NAME: celala (Gayo), banda ulu (Toba), flower straps (Palembang). Java: jawer Hayam, j. kotok (Sunda), spinach cenggeng, cock's comb (Java), jhanghar chicken, rebha mangsor (Madura). Nusa Tenggara: janggar ready (Bali), ana ndae Sina (Bread), Bunak seniors larit (East). Sulawesi: tatara manuk, sapiri manu, sparks, flames (Minahasa), laya (Gorontalo), langgelo (Buol), kaputi chicken, rangrang jangang (Napier), interest taEi manu, puwa ri Sawito (Bugis). Moluccan: wire, compote (Kai), store marerede (Halmahera), sule-sule (Ternate). Melayu: biludu spinach, chicken Rara. NAME OF FOREIGN Ji guan hua (C), coxcomb, cockscomb (I), Hahnenkamm. NAME simplicia Celosiae cristatae Flos (flower cock’s comb
Flowers contain fatty oils, kaempferitrin, amaranthin, pinitol, while in the leaves contained saponins, flavonoids, and polyphenols.
Cock's comb flower sweet, its cool, astringent, with affinity to the liver and kidney meridians. Efficacious anti-inflammatory, stop bleeding (hemostatis), and mencerahan vision.
Plant part used as medicine is the flower. Dry by sun-dried for storage.
Flowers are used for the treatment of:
- Of bleeding such as nosebleeds (epistaxis), coughing up blood (hemoptysis), vomiting blood (hematemesis), bloody urine (hematuria), bleeding hemorrhoids, uterine bleeding,
- Dysentery, diarrhea,
- Blurred vision, red eye,
- Urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and o whitish (leukorea).
HOW TO USE
For drugs taken, using 10-15 g of dried flowers are boiled or dried flowers are finely ground into powder or pill is made.
For external use only, boiled fresh flowers. Once cool, use water to wash the wound bleeding, bleeding hemorrhoids, itching (pruritus).In addition, it can also use fresh flowers that finely ground, then paste it into a sick place, such as hemorrhoids, insect bites, or wounds.
EXAMPLE USAGE IN THE COMMUNITY
Stop the bleeding, as in coughing up blood, vomiting blood, nosebleeds, and bleeding hemorrhoids
Boil all the ingredients fresh, like a cock's comb flower, urang-aring (Eclipta prostrata), and the roots of alang alang (Imperata cylindrica) each 15 g with three glasses of water to the remaining one cup. Once cool, strain the water, then drink all at once in the morning before eating. Boil and drink the waste once again in the afternoon.
Dissolve powdered cock’s comb (6 g) in wine (15 g). Drink well before eating rice. Abstaining from eating a fishy-fishy and pork.
Minced cock’s comb flowers dried into powder. Take as much as 5 g, brewed a cup of hot water, then cover. After a cold, drink once. Do it 3-4 times a day.
Prepare the cock’s comb flowers (15 g), bitter (Andrographis paniculata) (15 g), and Ensure the bed and board (Euphorbia hirta) (10 g). Everything is in the form of dry ingredients. Add three cups water and simmer until the water remains one glasses. Once cool, strain and drink well before eating. Boil the pulp once again, drink the water in the afternoon.
Prepare the cock’s comb flowers and bitter (Andrographis paniculata) (each as much as 15 g dry matter) and leaf fresh slobber (Coleus scutellarioides) (10 sheets). Add three cups water and simmer until the water remains one glasses. Once cool, strain and drink well before eating. Boil the pulp again and drink the water in the afternoon.
Prepare the cock’s comb flowers (15 g), spoon leaf herbs (Plantago major) (15 g), leaf cat's whiskers (Orthosiphon spicatus) (30 g), and the bitter leaves (20 g). Everything is in the form of dry ingredients. Wash all the ingredients, then boil with three cups of water until the remaining half. Once cool, strain and drink three times a day, each half a glass. Do it every day until cured.