Friday, May 27, 2011

Garlic (Bawang Putih)

Garlic  (Bawang Putih)
(Allium sativum, Linn.) 

Synonyms: -


Garlic (allium sativum), including the genus afflum or in Indonesia, commonly known as Bawang Putih. Garlic plants including classification bulbous herb layer or a composite cloves. Garlic grow and stand upright to a height of 30 -75 Cm, have a rod that is formed from pseudo-midrib leaf midrib. Strands of ribbon-like leaves, flattened and elongated shape. The roots of garlic made up of tiny fibers that amounted to much. And each garlic bulb consists of a number of children onions (cloves)
 that each of his cloves wrapped in a thin skin is white. Garlic is a plant originally highlands, is now in Indonesia, certain types cultivated in the lowlands. Garlic is well developed in land elevation ranges from 200-250 meters above sea level. 
1. Terms Grows a. Climate • Elevation: 600 m - 1200 m above sea level • Annual rainfall: 800 mm - 2,000 mm / year • In wet (above 100 mm / month): 5 months - 7 months • In dry (below 60 mm / month): 4 months - 6 months • Air Temperature: 150 C - 200 C • Humidity: High • Radiation: medium b. Land • Type: gromosol (Ultisol). • Texture: sandy clay (loose) • Drainage: good • Groundwater Depth: 50 cm - 150 cm from ground level • rooting depth: above 15 cm from ground level • Acidity (pH): 6 to 6.8 • Fertility: high
2. A. Planting Guidelines 
Soil Processing• Make a ditch or trench with a width of 30 cm - 40 cm, in 30 cm - 60 cm. Soil excavation is used for beds as wide as 60 cm - 100 cm, length adapted to the needs, and hoeing as deep as 15 cm - 30 cm. • After 10 days - 15 days hoeing back up to form a smooth lump, then given manure 10 tons - 15 tons / hectare. • A day before planting, beds wetted. b.Preparation Seeds • Seeds derived from plants are quite old (85 days - 135 days), healthy and not disabled. • Seeds are stored in a dry room about 5 months - 8 months suspended on the rack. • Noon to seed tubers derived from the weight of 5 g - 7.5 g / tuber. c. Planting • Make the planting hole as deep as 3 cm - 4 cm with Tugal. • Plug seedling with upright position, the tip of cloves on top and ¾ part embedded in the ground cloves. • Sprinkle finely ground and cover evenly with the straw after 3 cm. • Plant spacing 10 cm x 10 cm or 15 cm x 10 cm

Local Name:
Garlic (UK), Bawang Putih (Indonesia), Bawang (Java); Bawang Bodas (Sunda), Bawang handak (Lampung); Kasuna (Bali), Lasuna Pute (Bugis), Bhabang Pote (Madura); Bawa bodudo (Ternate) , Kalfeo foleu (East); 

CHEMICAL CONTENT: The garlic bulb per 100 grams contains: - protein at 4.5 grams. - 0.20 grams of fat - carbohydrate 23, 1 0 g, - 0.22 milligrams of vitamin B 1, - 1 5 milligrams of vitamin C, - calories 95 calories, - phosphorus 134 mg, - 42 miligrain calcium. - 1 milligram of iron and water - 71 grams. In addition, several studies of garlic bulbs contain the active substance awcin, awn, alinase enzymes, germanium, sativine, sinistrine, selenium, scordinin, nicotinic acid. 

Curable Disease:
Hypertension, Asthma, Cough, Cold, Headache, jaundice, shortness of breath,edema of water, hemorrhoid, constipation, bruise, abscess; sharps injuries, insect bites, worms, Difficulty sleeping (insomnia);
1. Hypertension
    a. Ingredients: 3 cloves garlic,
       Method: finely ground garlic and squeezed with
       enough water, filtered.
       How to use: taken regularly every day.

    b. Ingredients: 2 cloves garlic; 
       Method: garlic roasted with fire;
       How to use: eaten every morning for 7 days.

2. Asthma, coughs and colds
    Ingredients : 3 cloves garlic, 1 tablespoon honey and rock sugar taste;
    Method: finely crushed garlic, then mixed together with other ingredients until evenly distributed and pressed / filtered; 
    How to use: drink every morning to recover.

3. Headache
    Ingredients: garlic bulb;
    Method: finely ground garlic bulb;
    How to use: to compress on the forehead.

4. Jaundice, shortness of breath and edema of water
    Ingredients: 1 bulb garlic, 1 piece of sugar cube of chicken eggs
    Method: finely crushed garlic bulbs, then second
    ingredients are boiled together with 3 cups water to boil
    and swirled until flattening, and filtered; 
    How to use: drink 2 times a day 2 tablespoons, morning and 

5. Hemorrhoid
    Ingredients: garlic bulb;
    Method: finely ground garlic bulb, and blackmailed
    to take water;
    How to use: smeared around the anus each day.

6. Constipation
    Ingredients: yogurt, garlic and onion to taste;
    Method: The second material is finely ground, pressed for
    take water, then thoroughly mixed and filtered;
    How to use: drink 2 times a day.

7. Contusion due to stab or blow
    Ingredients: white onion and 1 tablespoon of honey;
    Method: finely crushed garlic, then given 1
    spoon of honey and thoroughly mixed; 
    How to use: smeared on the wound.

8. Sharps injuries rusty taxable
    Ingredients: bulb of garlic and coconut oil to taste;
    Method: garlic bulbs were burned, and then dipped into
    in coconut oil and finely ground;
    How to use: smeared on the wound.

9. Accelerate the maturation of swollen abscess
    Ingredients: garlic bulb;
    Method: garlic bulb is heated with oil paint,
    then finely ground;
    How to use: placed on the swelling.

10. To remove the shattered glass, wood or thorns
     Ingredients: garlic bulb;
     Method: finely ground garlic bulb;
     How to use: attached to the possessed baglan
     shattered glass, wood or thorns. 

11. Insect sting
     Ingredients: garlic bulb, sendowo and salt to taste;
     Method: finely crushed garlic bulbs, then
     mixed with other ingredients until evenly distributed;
     How to use: applied to any body part that stung

12. Getting rid of pinworms and stomach worms
     ingredients: a few cloves of garlic ;
     Method: peeled and washed;
     How to use: eaten directly.

13. Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
     Material: a few cloves of garlic;
     Method: peeled and washed;
     How to use: eaten immediately before bed. 

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